Future Watch

Shimao Shenzhen–Hong Kong International Centre

A design for the Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Center, a 700-metre tall glass tower in Shenzhen, China. The megatall skyscraper is set to become the tallest building in China, and the world’s third tallest building. It will be built between the foothills of Longcheng Park and the Dayun National Park, and form part of the Chicago-based architect’s wider masterplan for the Longgang district in the east of the city.

The visuals released by the practice show the skyscraper’s twisted, “anthropomorphic” form, designed by Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill in reference to its proximity to several major sporting venues in the district.

Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Center will be topped with one of the world’s highest observation decks, alongside a restaurant, night club, spa facilities and a swimming pool. In the evenings, the tower will become “a visual, sound, and light show”, reinforcing the district’s athletic and entertainment purposes. It will be wrapped by landscaped promenades, which are designed to withstand Shenzhen’s heavy rainfall and flooding in the summer months.
Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill’s environmental goal for the Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Center, and the surrounding landscape, is to obtain LEED Platinum certification – one of the most popular green building certification programs used worldwide. Shenzhen-Hong International Center will be constructed using high-performance glass to reduce heat gain, the entire development will be orientated to optimise solar gain and natural ventilation. The architects have also incorporated a large public transportation centre and bus terminal into the masterplan.

Al Wakrah Stadium, Qatar

Qatar’s Al Wakrah Stadium – the 2022 world cup venue was designed by late Zaha Hadid. The 40,000 capacity arena, which will host games up to the soccer tournament’s quarter-finals stage, was first unveiled back in 2013.

The structure itself is now complete and work is progressing on the internal finishes, the roof, and the façade. the energy centre that will serve the venue has also been built, while the precinct infrastructure and hard landscaping are also advancing.

Located in one of Qatar’s oldest continuously inhabited areas, the Zaha Hadid-designed venue has been described as ‘an extraordinary stadium for an adventurous city’. The stadium will also have a retractable roof that will be able to close in approximately 30 minutes. A light sleeve, made of steel wires brought together at an oculus, will also provide shade to the entire pitch and contribute to the efficiency of the cooling system before the match. Resembling curved hockey sticks, a series of 540-tonne pillars are the main support for the arena’s retractable roof. the roof steel elements for the columns originated in China and were fabricated in Italy and later shipped to Qatar.

The venue will also comprise schools, a wedding hall, tennis courts, basketball courts, restaurants, a swimming pool, gyms, and marketplaces amenities designed to be used by the community for years to come. After the tournament, the region’s local team — Al Wakrah Sports Club — will stadium the venue as its new home.

3D Printed Steel Bridge

Dutch robotics company MX3D has completed the 3D printing of a steel bridge, which will be installed across a canal in Amsterdam next year. Designer Joris Laarman worked with the robotic manufacturing technology start-up to build the 12-metre-long pedestrian bridge. The structure has been constructed by robots from layers of molten steel, its span was completed earlier this year. Now its deck has been built, marking the final stage in the construction process. Six-axis robots built the six-metre-wide structure from layers of molten steel, which involved programming robotic arms to control large-scale welding machines.

The ambitious project has gone through several iterations in its development to strengthen the structure against potential boats collisions and to adhere to the local council’s regulations. The project, which is described as the world’s first 3D-printed bridge, is expected to be installed on the Oudezijds Achterburgwal in Amsterdam’s red-light district once the renovation of the canal is complete by mid-2019″.

To add to its high-tech design, mathematicians from The Alan Turing Institute and engineers at Arup worked with MX3D to create a smart sensor network on the bridge. The sensors are designed to record the bridge’s performance, collecting data such as strain, rotation, load, displacement and vibration. The data will be used to show how many people are crossing the bridge and at what speed, structural integrity and the surrounding environment. This information will also be input into a “digital twin” of the bridge – a computer model that responds to the data as it is collected in real time.

Kaohsiung Station, Taiwan

The new Kaohsiung Station is the crowning achievement of the massive Kaohsiung Metropolitan Area Underground Railway Project, which, includes seven subterranean stations along a 9.75 km railway tunnel. It will be a true transportation hub integrating train, metro, local and intercity bus services, taxi and bicycle.

As a key project for the city’s transformation, the above ground station has been designed to add valuable public green space, and, activate the local community. Kaohsiung Station’s central hall unfolds underneath a bright ceiling of oval-shaped lights. Arriving from the underground platforms, the immersive space will make people feel instantly familiar.

The station’s large curvilinear shaped canopy reaches out to the city in a powerful gesture, acting as a green connector that unifies different modes of transport, and represents Kaohsiung’s vision for the future as a sustainable city. With a cycling path running east west on top, the station’s multi-layered landscape introduces a generous amount of public space into the city centre. Designed as a destination rather than merely an efficient mobility hub, the station offers a myriad of facilities for the local community and travelers.

The sprawling landscaped canopy protects the open public plaza underneath from Kaohsiung’s tropical climate like large trees would do. Here, people can meet, enjoy a refreshing breeze, or visit events that take place at the station, like a farmers’ market, second-hand market, traditional open-air opera or a mobile library. The colonial Japanese station building, which will be relocated to its original site, is embraced by the canopy and symbolically reconnects the old and new Kaohsiung.

The Shed, New York

Opening in spring 2019, The Shed will be New York’s first Arts Centre dedicated to commissioning, producing, and presenting all types of performing arts, visual arts, and popular culture.

The Shed’s building – an innovative 200,000-square-foot (18,500 m²) structure designed to physically transform to support artists’ most ambitious ideas.

When deployed, the shell creates a 17,200-square-foot light-, sound-, and temperature-controlled hall that can serve an infinite variety of uses. The shell’s entire ceiling operates as an occupiable theatrical deck with rigging and structural capacity throughout. Large operable doors on the plaza level allow for engagement with the public areas to the east and north when open.

The plaza is equipped with distributed power supply for outdoor functions. The building can expand and contract by rolling the telescoping shell on rails. The Shed’s kinetic system is inspired by the industrial past of the High Line and the West Side Railyard. Through the use of conventional building systems for the fixed structure and adapting gantry crane technology to activate the outer shell, the institution can accommodate large-scale indoor and open-air programming on demand. The fixed building consists of two cable net walls that span the entire building height, a specialty steel façade, and operable roof components.

Jewel Changi Airport Singapore

Jewel Changi Airport re-imagines the center of an airport as a major public realm attraction. Jewel offers a range of facilities for landside airport operations, indoor gardens and leisure attractions, retail offerings and hotel facilities, all under one roof. A distinctive dome-shaped façade made of glass and steel adds to Changi Airport’s appeal as one of the world’s leading air hubs. Changi Airport is a key transportation hub in Southeast Asia and one of the busiest passengers and cargo airports in the world. Built to accommodate a surge in traffic, Terminal 3 is a steel-and-glass structure with four above-ground levels and a 9-hectare roof that spans ticketing, departure, and arrival areas.

Jewel represents an innovation in the world of lifestyle/retail design, with a one-of-a-kind relationship between garden and marketplace. In addition, nowhere in the world has a building been constructed that integrates the public realm with an airport facility so closely. The building extends Changi Airport’s principal function as a transit hub, to a public gathering space for Singaporeans and international travellers, establishing a new model for airports as discrete destinations for shopping, entertainment, and social activity. Jewel is slated to receive Singapore’s Green Mark Platinum status. The building’s efficient displacement ventilation system regulates the thermal comfort for occupants as well as the vast array of interior planting within. The Rain Vortex is a water collector, and supports a gentle breeze throughout the garden spaces. It is scheduled for completion by the end of 2018. The Jewel hopes to become a landmark for Singapore, much like the nearby Marina Bay Sands Resort.

Coal Drops Yard, London

Described as one of the largest regeneration schemes in Europe, it will include 50 new buildings, 2,000 new homes, 20 new streets and 10 new public squares spread over 67 acres. Main contractor BAM is employing an array of different skills for this conversion project, from specialist restoration work of the brickwork and ironwork, to repairing the original timber roofs. However, possibly the most challenging aspect of the project is the construction of a steel sculptured roof, which will straddle some of the area between the two original coal drop buildings.

The roof structure is approximately 75m-long on one side and 65m-long on the other. It curves inwards, from the south and north ends, and then rises up in the middle to a maximum height of 25m. Two ‘ribbon’ trusses, sat atop of each building, help form the undulating shape of the roof structure. A series of temporary trestles was installed to support the truss segments during the erection sequence. The trestles will remain in place until the roof structure and its supporting steelwork is complete. Above the trusses the new roof is primarily supported by a compression-tension system, spanning the distance between the Coal Drops buildings. This is supported on new steelwork at each end within the east and west buildings. At the middle point of the roof, there is a large kink where the two sides nearly meet. This area has been dubbed the ‘kissing point. The roof steelwork is doing two jobs, as well as spanning the void between the existing buildings, it also supports a new column-free upper level of the development. The steelwork programme for the Coal Drops Yard scheme is expected to be completed by August, and the new King’s Cross retail destination will open in October 2018.

Football Stadium, Africa

SCAU has won a competition to design a 20,000-seater football stadium in Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast, to host matches at the 2021 Africa Nations Cup. The £50 million Stade de Yamoussoukro, which will be built in Ivory Coast’s administrative capital, is one of six stadiums that will host games during the tournament. The Paris-based architecture firm’s proposal sinks three of the four spectator stands into the ground. The west stand, which will be raised on the brow of the hill, will house the stadium’s facilities, including the changing rooms food, press facilities and offices.

A single ring-shaped roof will cover the stands and an open-air concourse containing catering facilities for fans. The French firm, which also designed the Stade de France in Paris and the Olympic Stadium Ataturk in Istanbul, recently added a wavy roof as part of their renovation of the Stade Vélodrome in Marseilles. The architects wanted to build a stadium that was “both monumental and minimalist” and that would give the African country a “strong image” when the games are broadcast.

According to the architects embedding the stadium in the ground will mean the venue is low-cost to build and maintain, meaning it will have a life span beyond the Africa Nations Cup. Fenwick Iribarren Architects plan to use shipping containers to create a modular stadium in Doha that can be taken apart after the 2022 FIFA World Cup Qata.

Raffles City Chongqing, China

Currently under construction in Chongqing, China, Moshe Safdie’s Raffles City Chongqing features an extraordinary engineering feat of erecting a 300-meter-long “horizontal skyscraper” above four 250-meter-high towers. An extensive urban district set at the meeting point between the Yangtze and Jialing rivers once constructed Raffles City Chongqing will hold the world record of the highest sky bridge linking the towers. The 1.12 million square meter project consists of 8 skyscrapers, a retail podium and the Conservatory, a huge sky bridge linking 6 of the towers, with 4 at the base and 2 adjacent towers connected through cantilever bridges. The program contains a shopping mall, offices, 1400 residential apartments, serviced residence and a luxury hotel.

The center of attraction is the horizontal Conservatory, where public space is lifted high into the air, with a themed observation deck and sky gardens, an infinity pool and a food and beverage zone. It acts not only as a connection between the towers but as its own fully programmed structure, with internal streets and gardens. To overcome the site’s exposure to strong winds, the Conservatory’s structure uses advanced frictional pendulum bearings and seismic dampers mounted on the towers. This use of flexibility-driven design dispels wind energy more effectively than conventional methods, representing a breakthrough in the structural engineering of linked high-rises. The steel structure weighs 12,000 tonnes and is enclosed with a ring of glass and aluminum panels. To erect the huge structure, it has been divided into nine segments. Four are built in-situ above the four towers, while the three middle segments which are suspended between the four towers are prefabricated on the ground and hoisted into place by hydraulic strand jacks. The ends, of the Conservatory are then assembled in short sections from the ends of the two adjacent towers. It is targeted to be fully erected by mid-2018.

Serpentine Pavilion, Beijing

The Serpentine Galleries has announced the expansion of their popular summer pavilion program, collaborating with Beijing’s WF Central to commission the inaugural Serpentine Pavilion Beijing. The first Serpentine Pavilion to be built outside of the Galleries’ Kensington Gardens home in London, the Beijing Pavilion will be located just 600 meters away from the historic Forbidden City in the Dongcheng District, where it will host a program of cultural activities and events. The inaugural pavilion has been designed by emerging Chinese studio JIAKUN Architects, led by architect Liu Jiakun. Drawing both from the historical and social of Beijing and from the storied 17-year history of the Serpentine Pavilion commission, the design features an arched form that balances forces of tensions and compression.

Serpentine Pavilion Beijing takes inspiration from Confucianism with an architecture that is a physical representation of the traditional pursuit of Junzi. The design is characterized by a figure of the Archer, in the form of a curved cantilever beam that incorporates the forces of elasticity through cables stretched between steel plates. Although, modern architecture in Beijing has developed a series of powerful techniques to fight the external forces of fierce winds and unpredictable earthquakes, the Pavilion’s integral structures aims – like the Tai Chi Master – to conquer the harness of those forces with softness. The inaugural Serpentine Pavilion Beijing will launch in May 2018 and will remain on display at WF Central for six months.