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Museum of the Future, Dubai

PROJECT BRIEF
The Museum of Future is an exhibition space for innovative and futuristic ideologies, services and products. Located in the Financial District of Dubai, UAE, the Museum of the Future has three main elements, namely, green hill, building, and void. Founded by the Dubai Future Foundation, its goal is to promote technological development and innovation, especially in the fields of robotics and artificial intelligence (AI).

IDEA/CONCEPT
In Feng Shui, a round shape represents both the fertile fields of earth and the limitless imagination of the sky above, thus representing the past, present, and future. While the building would evolve with exhibits of the future of education, health care, smart cities, transportation, government services, and more for the next five or perhaps ten years, the void in the center of the building represents the unknown, according to Killa, the architect of the structure.

Art and poetry are manifest in the design, with Arabic calligraphy inscribed onto the exterior that features quotes from the prime minister about the future. But these “inscriptions” are in fact highly engineered windows, a dynamic blend of art and function.

STRUCTURAL DETAILS
The length of the structure is 132 meters with a height of 61 meters and a width of 39 meters. 2210 diagrid members have been used to build the skeleton of the structure along with 717 diagrid assemblies and equipped with three staircases and two bridges. The weight of the main steel sums up to a whopping 4913 tons.

Connection Design Challenges
Connection design is actually an art of transforming the assumptions made during the main design stage into a practical reality. Normally whenever the structure is not orthogonal and typical, the complexity of performing the connection increases. It is economical to perform connection design with actual forces for every node; despite its tedious and time taking it is worthwhile for these types of structures.

Base Anchor & Embedment Connection
The different types of anchors used are:
• Anchor Bolt
• Elevated concrete pedestal
• Elevated steel pedestal
• Embedment

CHALLENGES & SOLUTIONS
Detailed design of a structure is a key element to start in the execution of a steel project. The critical among is the coordination with the façade vendor and incorporating the brackets to fix the same. As the façade line cannot be altered, the steel structure needs to be aligned for the same. Hence the complete calligraphy was modeled and moved accordingly. Similarly, MEP services are also coordinated. A greater challenge was met in modeling the feature and spiral stair. Also modeling of the pre-chamber was highly challenging because of the geometry. Fabrication on this curved spatial structure along with achieving AESS requirements, transportation and erection are other challenges were quite a feat to handle.

The final hurdle was the removal of the temporary supports after the erection of the steel structure. A set of temporary elements was used in order to spread the local forces due to up-jacking the diagrid. Given the horizontal stiffness of the bridge side of the structure, ensured by the concrete core, the bridge had to be jacked only in the vertical direction due to the cantilever displacement.

Choice of Material
Steel was the only choice of material to achieve this complex curved diagrid structure. The usage of higgradesrade and appropriate sections made the structure optimal.

In Conclusion
The futuristic thought of the architecture blended with the ideas structured by the consultants and clubbed with an experienced specialist contractor made another wonder on earth.

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