Average temperature in the world has increased over the last few years. The frequency of hot days and nights has increased and is likely to continue to be so. It is creating stressful, unhealthy, and unproductive working conditions.
These conditions are more common in cities, where urban heat islands (UHIs) are caused by the intensity of non-reflective, high mass materials that absorb a comparatively large proportion of solar radiation. There is a need for alternatives to mechanical air-cooling solutions to reduce energy demand & related greenhouse gas emissions.
To address the issue, BlueScope R&D team has introduced COLORBOND® steel with Thermatech™ Solar Reflectance Technology shows the brand’s enduring qualities – innovative, superior, cutting-edge and trend leading.
With Thermatech™ technology, it is helping to create a future that is comfortable not just for people, but for the environment too. Combined with COLORBOND® steel’s renowned durability, colour retention and flexibility, you now have the power to shape the landscape to suit your business objectives, vision and conscience. Thermatech™ technology is a solar reflectance technology incorporated into COLORBOND® steel without changing its appearance. It lowers surface temperature by absorbing lesser heat from the sun. In other words, COLORBOND® steel with Thermatech™ technology is able to reflect more solar heat, thereby, keeping both roofs and buildings cooler. Reduced heat stress also means greater durability for entire roofing systems and superior ROI. Thus, Thermatech™ solar reflectance technology ensures cool comfort, while reducing energy cost.
The Fact: Thermal Performance for School Buildings
Most people can relate to an experience of oppressive summertime heat in a classroom where the air-conditioner has struggled or there was no air-conditioner present. It is hardly conducive to good learning outcomes. Good design can avoid these scenarios and also lead to reduced energy costs and positive environmental outcomes.
One of the main factors that makes a school building different from a home is that it is predominantly occupied during the day. Therefore, it is important when designing a school building that it performs well on hot days, and – in a climate-constrained world – minimises energy use on mechanical cooling.
For this reason, choosing materials with high solar reflectance to minimise the impact of heat absorbed from the sun is important. BlueScope Steel has recognised this and developed Thermatech® solar reflectance technology. The inclusion of this technology has increased the solar reflectance of all colours in the standard COLORBOND® steel palette, with an average increase of about 5 per cent. When compared to similar colours of lower solar reflectance the difference is much greater.
Thermatech™ allows you to choose from a range of attractive colours, with the knowledge that the colour has been optimised to provide the best outcome, with regards to energy efficiency and durability with all of the attributes expected from COLORBOND® steel.
A study showed that the inclusion of Thermatech® increases the solar reflectance of Woodland Grey by about 15 per cent. This will keep the roof up to 10°C cooler (even cooler when compared to similar colours of low solar reflectance) which will assist in keeping the building cooler and reducing the need for air-conditioning. Studies have shown that in moderate to hot climates the energy savings from increased roof solar reflectance through changing from a dark solar absorptive roof to a light solar reflective roof vary from about 10 to 50 per cent. The savings depend upon factors such as the climate, the building shape and form, the level of insulation and the usage of the building.
As school buildings are predominantly occupied during the day, combined with their often high roof to wall ratio, they typically derive high-energy savings. This would translate to possible cooling energy savings approaching 12 per cent through the inclusion of Thermatech™ for Woodland Grey (15 per cent when compared to roofing materials of similar colour of low solar reflectance).
Increasing roof solar reflectance reduces peak cooling loads on air-conditioning equipment. The inclusion of Thermatech™ will reduce the peak cooling load from an insulated (R3.2) Woodland Grey roof by about 2.6 W/m2. This will place less strain on the air-conditioning equipment or for a 1000 m2 conditioned school building, allow equipment downsizing as a result of a 2.6 kW reduction in load.
A study of two similar schools, identically coloured, with the only difference being the solar reflectance of the roof, demonstrates the large savings possible from using materials with high solar reflectance.
The study was conducted in Georgia, USA in a subtropical climate, with hot summers, not unlike Australian coastal regions north of Brisbane and very cold winters, not unlike Hobart. The study showed that the higher solar reflectance roof, resulted in cooling savings of 13 per cent (when heating was included the annual energy saving was about 9 per cent).
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories have been studying the value of high solar reflectance roofing on climate change. They have recently quantified that the reduced warming provides an equivalent offset of about 1 tonne of CO2 for every 10 m2 of roofing that has its solar reflectance increased by 40 per cent.
This equates to 2.5 kg.CO2-e/m2 per per-cent change in solar reflectance. On this basis the inclusion of Thermatech™ for Woodland Grey has an offset value of about 37 kg.CO2-e/m2 or 37 tonne for a 1000 m2 school building. Of course when the direct energy savings are included, the net CO2 emission reductions due to Thermatech™ are even greater.
High solar reflectance roofing also offers other benefits as a result of reduced warming of the local environment (urban heat islands). This translates to reduced cooling loads on other buildings. Choosing high solar reflectance materials for school buildings throughout all, but, the coldest parts of Australia is entirely appropriate. Choosing COLORBOND® steel with Thermatech™ provides peace of mind that your chosen colour has been optimised to provide the best sustainability and any energy efficiency outcomes.