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Simplifying Complexities


With over 15 years of extensive experience in designing and leading institutional, industrial, residential and prestigious infrastructural projects across the country, she is an architect of excellent professional aptitude… she has been instrumental in steering the growth trajectory of CEM Engineers over the past decade…

A firm believer in simplifying complex design and engineering problems, she brings an inside-out approach to a project… here’s Sneha Gurjar, Director, CEM Engineers, sharing her opinions…

What are the major advantages of using steel vis-à-vis conventional materials
The use of steel in buildings offers a number of significant advantages relative to other building materials, which include:

  • Speed of construction- Steel construction involves prefabricated elements that are manufactured off-site and can be rapidly installed on-site with minimal problems. Projects, where time and return on investment are crucial factors, benefit from the use of steel.
  • Better QC and safety- Steel structures are mostly pre-fabricated and are manufactured under controlled factory environments.
  • Adaptability and Flexibility – The life of steel structures can be drastically lengthened in comparison to conventional materials where their purposes can be limited.
  • Sustainability – Steel structures are 100 percent recyclable which is a major advantage as we make our way toward a circular economy. Steel also offers opportunities for the refinement of architectural expression in tandem with the building techniques used.
  • We recently designed a facility where special protection of the building was part of the design brief and this was achieved by incorporating steel in the design for its various advantages. Although a higher degree of precision was required during execution, the pre-fabrication of components was a great advantage for the project’s construction.

How can structural steel be innovatively used in construction to provide design aesthetics and at the same time offer economical solutions?
Structural steel brings in plenty of possibilities in a project, like allowing spaciousness and flexibility in design. There is a possibility of sleeker sections and longer spans combined with quality control due to the prefabrication of most parts. This impacts the experiential aspect of spaces for all scales of projects and is especially evident in mega projects like airports, sports facilities, hangars, special stores, warehouses, etc.

For projects at high altitudes, constructing in steel becomes imperative for certain project typologies. As designers, we can rest assured in such cases due to the modularity, QA-QC and safety of steel construction, leaving little scope for time and cost overruns.

What is your take on the variety of sections/grades provided by our steel producers for various demands of creativity?
The variety of sections and grades offered by our steel producers has improved considerably over the last decade. Both, the variety and the demand for sections go hand in hand as does the skill to work with the steel. The use of steel in design is also becoming mainstream with visible projects using it as a standard building material.

What trend are we going to witness in the next 5-7 years, as far as designing structures with steel is concerned?
With the recent emphasis on a circular economy by the government, steel, being a sustainable and recyclable building material, is likely to see more use. Further, prefabrication of steel elements leads to saving time and budgets and definitely makes the cut for projects of scale. We are exploring the use of steel on some of our niche projects where special safety features come into play. Structural steel components, when used by themselves or with concrete infill, are specially modelled and subject to design conditions. In addition, some technical projects require that particular alloys or thicknesses of steel be used to serve the design and engineering intent. The available software help in economizing the use of steel for large span and structures with special applications.

What should be the strategy of the industry in promoting structural steel construction in India?
Raising the general awareness of the design and engineering community about the cutting-edge work being done in the steel industry is bound to encourage its use. Demonstrating the advantage and positive life cycle impact of using steel through a model project can benefit the industry with the involvement of designers and premier institutes like IITs.

Which are the iconic steel-specific projects executed by you?
We continuously work on projects that use steel as the main construction material such as large-span structures, special storage buildings, warehouses, and protected structures. One particular project that we worked on involved very tall steel structures of approximately 450 meters which was completely pre-fabricated in steel.

Potash Tower, Ahmedabad, Gujarat


Modern commercial real estate has evolved and differs a lot from the old ones in many ways. Incorporating new and contemporary aspects of office space, it is rapidly redefining the landscape of the Indian of Indian real estate. Modern and newly-emerging commercial spaces are located in key areas of cosmopolitan buzz and economic activities like near expressways, metro stations, and corridors.

The second commonality in newly-emerging commercial spaces is ample parking space and elaborate security arrangements. The modern commercial buildings offer capacious parking areas and standard and enhanced safety measures.

The latest trend for commercial spaces is integrated wellness commercial complexes where a complete ecosystem is maintained for office employees as they get each and everything within their campus. Many commercial developments offer LEED Platinum, earthquake-resistant structures, MERV 14 filters, designed floorplates to facilitate maximized light penetration and space utilization and an integrated building management system (IBMS) to enable energy management.

Features such as these and many more are raising the bar pertaining to commercial real estate buildings in India.

The new corporate office of Indian Potash Limited is located in the dense urban fabric of Ahmedabad surrounded by diverse offices, residential development, and urban life.

The company, Indian Potash Limited was formed in 1955 with the main objective of promoting the balanced use of potash as fertilizer in the agricultural sector. The corporate office is visualized to reflect the ethos of the company along with the integration of sustainable design principles.

The client wanted a unique corporate building that will rank among the top 10 landmark buildings of Ahmedabad They had discussions with various local architect firms and vendors, yet were not satisfied with the presentation and proposal of local architects. Since the idea was to build an iconic building, which would become an identity for Ahmedabad, the IPL brainstormed internally and concluded to appoint PMC first rather than discussing with local architects and appointed CBRE as their PMC partner.

The CBRE team prepared a project brief based on the client’s expectations and floated EOI to the local, national and international architects. After collecting EOI responses, the architects were invited to a design competition, resulting in the selection of INI Design Studio as the project architect.

Indian Potash Limited is conceptualized as an encompassing theme of energy efficiency enveloped by a diagrid structural system. Being a compact floor plate, conceptualizing a design that allows maximum use of floorspace to the user, was one of the main aspects considered. The same was theorized by incorporating the diagrid system as the project envelope. The diagrid structural system acts as an external framework, redirects lateral load and permits to development of column-free internal space. It further adds an identity to the building that is effortlessly recognizable in its context.


“Using steel as a structural material provides with more flexibility, precision and faster execution. Factors such as recyclability of material, shop fabrication and faster erection and execution are the result of accepting steel as a structural system in commercial and residential buildings beyond industrial and large civic structures. The Potash Tower steel diagrid structural system has allowed iconic architectural form while adding to other sustainability measures.”

Bhrugu Gangadia, Associate Director-Architecture / Interior Design, INI Design Studio


“Potash Tower is really an iconic building in Ahmedabad. Initially, we sketched out a vision of a timeless, unique and iconic building… something distinctive which will be remembered for its beautiful structure for years to come. The vision the management set led us to finalize the ‘diamond’ shape structure after numerous visitations to international structures and presentations. Finally, we chose to build our ‘Potash Tower’ with uniqueness in all respects with the best team of architects, consultants and designers. The major attraction of the Potash Tower is its unique design with a world-class diagrid structural system made up of steel and DGU glass and designed with a post-tensioned slab, exhibiting the column-free floors… and the best part was, we got the building a structure exactly as we envisioned during the conceptualization stage.”

R. V. Singh, Regional Head-Gujarat, Indian Potash Limited


Potash Tower is designed with post-tensioned slabs (PT) that are typically flat slabs designed to achieve longer spans. The building is designed to maximize column-free clear floor space through the proposed implementation of a diagrid exoskeleton system. The exoskeleton diagrid system is a structural system of diagonally intersecting metal members that acts as an efficient structural and façade envelope.

Considering the proposed architectural intent and the shape of the building, the regular vertical column and beam system was not resulting in an integrated system. The corner free column space with inclined façade members resulted in exploring the diagrid structural system.

Since the building footprint is very small, the client wanted to utilize maximum floor space without obstructions. So, the architect proposed a diagrid structure with a column-free floor for maximum efficiency.

The iconic character of the building is achieved by its dynamic façade appearance and designing an energy-efficient workspace was another aspect considered in the design development of Potash Tower.

A High-performance DGU façade was considered to reduce the incident solar radiation, further reducing energy consumption, and increasing indoor thermal comfort levels. Double glazing will also act as a barrier to the noise generated outdoors by the metro, ongoing vehicular traffic and other ambient noise in the surrounding context. The project is designed with the intent to be IGBC-Green Certified.

Merits of a Diagrid System

  • In a diagrid structure the core, as well as the peripheral diagrid resist lateral forces, thus, making the structure more resilient to seismic activities and wind forces.
  • The advantages of the diagrid in the construction of the structure majorly improve the aesthetic view of the building.
  • It makes the maximum use of the structural material is used.
  • When glass is used as a material with the diagrid, it allows a generous amount of light inside the structure.
  • Diagrid structures carry shear; hence the central rigid core can be relaxed. Hence overall structural cost can be optimized.
  • Corner columns may be avoided.
  • Diagrid if properly designed saves 20 percent of structural steel weight when compared to a conventional moment frame building.
  • These structures have majorly column-free exterior and interior, free and clear, unique floor plans can be implemented.
  • 160 metric tons of steel have been used in the project.


  • The façade of the potash tower is designed with an efficient low e-performance DGU glazing system. This would help in reflecting the excess amount of incident solar radiation.
  • Solar panels are integrated onto the terrace along with landscaped social terrace spaces. This enhances sustainable building performance by generating energy for self-consumption while the green cover on the terrace helps cool down the internal temperature by decreasing the penetration of solar heat in the interiors.
  • Green plantation on the roof reduces the extreme temperature and heat penetration from the roof.
  • Low-flow faucets and sensor-based electrical fixtures would be considered in the MEPF services to further enhance energy usage in the building.
  • The efficient structural system included a diagrid structure and utilized a horizontal cross-section of 300mm x 250 mm and vertical members of 300mmx300mm.

STAAD and Revit were used to create the virtual model of the Potash Tower. The use of BIM technology enabled the design team to develop and integrate the structural system as a design element.

The structural exoskeleton system creates an effortlessly iconic character of the building in the dense urban junction.

The initial project timeline was 9 months but this was disrupted by the onset of Covid-19 and increased steel prices.

Due to these unforeseen circumstances, the project took 21 months to complete, but the client and their top management have greatly appreciated the ultimate outcome. They are very happy and satisfied with the project which is at par with their initial expectations.

Ather Energy plans to build new EV facility to produce 2-wheelers

Ather Energy to build EV manufacturing factory in India
Leading EV player Ather Energy is all set to build […]
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Nitin Gadkari to lay foundation of basket bridge

Nitin Gadkari to lay foundation of Basket bridge

Union minister of road transport and highways Nitin Gadkari will lay the foundation work of basket bridge along the Panchaganga river and the bridge connecting entrance of Kolhapur city via a flyover on January 28.

He will lay the foundation stone of the basket bridge along the Pune-Bengaluru National Highway-48 along the Panchaganga river. The bridge will be elevated further as fly-over bridge which will connect the NH-48 to the entrance of the city at Shahu Market Yard.

Both the bridges are part of the six-laning of Kagal-Satara stretch of Pune-Bengaluru National Highway 48. After laying the foundation of basket bridge and FOB, Gadkari will visit the agriculture festival organised by Mahadik and then leave for Delhi.


Bharti Airtel invests Rs 2000 crore to set up hyperscale data center in Hyderabad


Telecom giant Bharti Airtel Group in association with the government of Telangana Wed recently announced an investment to the tune of Rs 2,000 crore to set up a hyperscale data center in Hyderabad.

Reportedly its Data Center arm — Nxtra Data Centers — the group will invest an amount of Rs 2000 crore as capital investment for the infrastructure.

The facility will be a hyperscale data center with a capacity of 60 megawatts (MW) of IT load for the first phase. It will incorporate the latest technologies in cooling and security. The project is estimated to be established in the next 5-7 years, an official from IT and Industries minister KT Rama Rao was quoted as saying.

Founder and Chairman of Bharti Airtel Group, Sunil Bharti Mittal said “This is one of our biggest Greenfield data center projects in India and we are happy to be working with Telangana. Since the initiation of our discussions on the data center project in the May 2022 edition of the WEF annual meeting, the government has worked at a very quick pace to ensure that the project can get into construction in a matter of months.”

The announcement was made at the Telangana Lounge at Davos after Rama Rao, along with principal secretary Jayesh Ranjan, met Sunil Bharti Mittal and Rajan Bharti Mittal of the Bharti Airtel Group.

Noida International Airport all set to start operations from 2024


Noida International Airport, which is currently under construction, will boast many upscale amenities. A shopping mall and a 220-room luxury hotel are also being built in the vicinity of the airport, with 60 acres designated for commercial development.

The hotel and mall will also be constructed on this land. The developer selected for the airport is Roseate Hotels and Resorts, who won the contract through a competitive bidding process. Work on the runway and control tower is ongoing, with the planned inaugural flight set for September 30, 2024.

The Noida Authority, Greater Noida Authority, the government of Uttar Pradesh, and the Yamuna Expressway Authority are working together to construct the airport, which is being developed next to the Yamuna Expressway.

Through Yamuna International Private Limited, a subsidiary of Zurich airport, which previously established the Bengaluru airport, Switzerland is supporting the construction of the airport. There are also proposals to build a metro line that will run from the Jewar airport to the Greater Noida Knowledge Park metro station, the New Delhi Railway Station, and ultimately the IGI Airport in Delhi.

The Greater Noida Authority and the Uttar Pradesh government jointly possess 37.5 percent of the proposed Noida International Airport, constituting a 75 percent stake. The airport is being built to serve the people of Uttar Pradesh and relieve congestion at Delhi’s IGI airport. The government also intends to build Fintech City and other infrastructure projects close to the airport.

IIFCL to invest Rs 6,630-cr for development of airports


The India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL) has extended a credit of Rs 6,630 crore with an aim to develop the growth in the aviation sector. Reportedly the IIFCL has given in-principle approval of Rs 638 crore for the development of a greenfield airport in Andhra Pradesh.

“With an aim to finance development of world class airport infrastructure in India, IIFCL has, till date, sanctioned Rs 6,630 crore to six major airports in India in Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Navi Mumbai, Noida (Jewar) and the newly developed Manohar International Airport in Goa,” , Managing Director P R Jaishankar was quoted as saying.

According to reports, investments worth over Rs 85,000 crore are in the pipeline for airport infrastructure in India during FY23 FY27. This includes ongoing capacity expansion at major private airports, investments by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) of Rs 25,000 crore for development of AAI-operated airports, around Rs 30,000 -35000 crore is 21 new greenfield airports across the country and about Rs 17,000 crore by the Adani Group towards development of six airports acquired from AAI.

India plans to open 100 additional airports by 2024 and aims to increase the number of operational airports to 190-200 by FY’40.

Further, as per National Monetization Pipeline (NMP), 25 airports including Bhubaneshwar, Varanasi, Trichy, Indore, Raipur, Calicut, Coimbatore, Nagpur, Patna, Madurai, Surat, Ranchi, Jodhpur, Vijayawada, Vadodara, Bhopal, Tirupati, Udaipur, Dehradun and Rajahmundry have been earmarked for leasing over the years 2022 to 2025 under Public Private Partnership (PPP).

New Leader


He is well-learned & is a man who thrives to work towards a purpose he is one of the crème-de-la-crème, a true leader & yet, success has only made him humbler…
we present the man of the hour, Anoop Kumar Trivedi, MD, TataBlueScope Steel…

Q It’s been exactly a year since your appointment as the MD of Tata BlueScope. How has your journey been in this new role? How do you intend to bring about a new change in the steel construction industry in India?
A The journey has been exciting; I have completed a year and yet it feels like yesterday. I feel fortunate to be part of a team that is well-aligned with the organization’s strategic vision. Tata BlueScope Steel focuses on people and processes and is poised for the next level of growth with a well-defined purpose and consistent performance.

We have been doing some excellent work in various segments, be it manufacturing, supply chain, new product development, or channel management amongst others. It is time to now unify this strength as one team for a full-throttle orbital change; we have started simplifying our structures across business verticals for newer synergies and scaling our operational efficiencies and ramping up production through an aggressive expansion plan is already underway. Adding to this league, optimized process efficiencies through digitization will further accelerate the growth of the organization.

Besides introducing quality products and innovative business solutions, we have tried to support the Indian steel building and construction industry through Kawach Pro-Certification Program. This initiative is aimed at addressing the shortage of professionally trained structural riggers and roofers the industry is currently facing and increasing the employability of these skilled labors. On another front, to increase our proximity to customer experience and encourage quality products in tier two and three cities, project Vistaar was implemented. The main objective of this project is to develop a strong value chain in the remotest areas pan India and to create entrepreneurial opportunities through dealerships by boosting the overall economy, creating new job opportunities, and encouraging allied industries and services.

We also continue to focus on adding value to our customers by offering new products and solutions by shaping up for the next wave of innovation within the steel construction industry. One of our important strategic goals is to weave in better sustainability in our products and solutions and continue the good work with communities through CSR initiatives and we are closely looking at opportunities to expand our midstream and downstream businesses

Q Tata BlueScope is a union between Tata Steel, India and BlueScope Steel, Australia. What role do the visions of each company play in the vision of Tata BlueScope?
A Tata BlueScope Steel is an outcome of a vision set by two strong parent companies. Tata Steel is one of the largest private-sector manufacturers of steel in India, with a 100-year legacy. With deep customer insights, both companies are committed to develop innovative solutions through sustainable architecture. The idea was to bring more than just steel to the lives of many, who directly or indirectly, benefit from its existence. The JV ushered innovative, new-age, quality-driven color-coated steel building products and solutions. BlueScope Steel is the global leader in metal-coated and color-coated steel.

Q According to you, how has the industry transformed over the years, especially when it comes to steel construction?
A Steel is still the preferred construction material, it helps in practical and functional construction while providing aesthetic value to buildings and with new technological advancements, structures are becoming better and safer. There has been a changing culture in the lifestyle and infrastructural development of modern India and nowadays, steel is used in all aspects of architecture and building construction.

Over the years, steel has grown more adaptable in its use and has the ability to be integrated with other high-elastic-limit and structural-strength building materials such as glass, cold-rolled, and galvanized flat goods. Steel is no longer a labour-intensive business and the bulk of the building materials used are 100 percent recyclable. The steel industry has seen the adoption of new steel modular frame systems on building sites which is a mark of progress that is leading us into the new era of connectivity with technology.

Q The Indian construction industry is on steady growth. Which prime sectors will turn the tables for India, what role can the steel construction industry play in the said growth in upcoming years and where do you see this new year headed?
A The infrastructure sector still plays a key role in the Indian economy and with the government’s push for infrastructure projects, our country is undergoing a fast-paced transformation. With a slew of infrastructure projects ranging from the construction of highways, rail lines, metros and airports, we will witness an increase in demand for steel, especially within the roofing and cladding industry. The Make in India – Make for World initiative will further boost growth in homegrown enterprises including warehousing, manufacturing, textile parks, pharma parks and agro-processing units to name a few. A growing interest in sustainable, low-maintenance and durable roofing material is further accelerating the adoption of metal roofing and stats say that a thermally efficient roofing system with green credentials is the future of construction.

A growing interest in sustainable, low-maintenance and durable roofing material is further accelerating the adoption of metal roofing. A thermally efficient roofing system with green credentials is the future of construction.

Q What is your take on the latest innovation of modular construction and will the Indian construction industry be able to adapt it completely or will it stay on the fringes?
A At Tata BlueScope Steel we believe in safety and sustainability. Choosing the right building material especially roofing solutions have long-term impacts on structural performance. With minimum wastage in its built environment that starts right at the concept stage, structures made from steel offers optimal designs. Tata BlueScope Steel manufactures and supplies LYSAGHT® roofs, made of COLORBOND® steel that is thermally efficient due to Thermatech® Technology in-built into its paint system. Being an energy-efficient roof, it also reduces the overall energy cost. They are 100 percent recyclable and environmentally friendly, with a lead-free paint system, which is suitable for rainwater harvesting. Our roofing system also helps increase green rating, ideal for corporates looking for sustainable building materials. With compatible accessories that support sustainability such as skylights for daylight saving, louvers for natural ventilation and gutters for water harvesting our roofs are solar-ready.

Recently we received GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) certification in Metal Coated Steel and Color Coated Steel. Our COLORBOND® steel is also recognized by CII Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) as Green Product in Green Building Ratings. We also published the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) for COLORBOND® steel & ZINCALUME® steel; the first of its kind within the product category. EPDs, GRIHA and IGBC certifications are important validation, both for a manufacturer to provide transparent data about the environmental sustainability of its products and for a responsible customer to make informed purchasing decisions.

These eco-label certifications will further step up Tata BlueScope Steel’s efforts toward leadership in sustainability. We are certain that the demand for environmentally sustainable solutions will increase in the near future, and we are only gearing up in that direction. It is a universal fact that a sustainable structure commands a competitive advantage by having lower costs, less potential for disruptions and an improved brand reputation. Additionally, the significant impact that it can contribute on the environment is beyond measurement.

Q What message or advice would you like to give to the new generation of industry professionals?
A I have still not reached a position where I can offer a textbook suggestion, but I can only share my experience. I have always enjoyed my professional journey since I have always worked on a purpose rather than being too focused on the outcome. I strongly believe that if one can identify a larger purpose in his/her assignment, passion follows, the task requires fewer efforts and it leads to self-satisfaction, which is more important than only looking for appreciation from others. It also propels you to excel and provides the necessary confidence to take up the next task, which could be more complex than the previous one and that is how one gets an opportunity to use his/her untapped potential.

Q What is your mantra for success?
A I would again connect back to the earlier question, I don’t know whether I should call it a success since success is a relative term since each individual can have a different measure of success. Hence, I would like to replace the word success with satisfaction. My satisfaction comes from four words courage, compassion, competence, and class. This is what keeps me moving and I plan all my actions to fulfil each of them.

Courage is the key to taking challenging tasks and also pushes one beyond his/her own boundaries to things that he/she always wanted to do but was afraid of the unknowns. The leadership style is undergoing a huge transformation, especially after the recent pandemic. Leader needs to demonstrate compassion without bothering about end results because if it is practiced genuinely, results will certainly follow. The way boundaries on technology exchange, talent availability is blurred, so it is important for organizations and people to stay ahead on competency. Days are not far when most of the positions would be advertised to the talent available anywhere in the world. Class, of course, is about setting a benchmark and our team has always been the torchbearer in the space in which we operate. We would continue to do so as we strongly believe in inclusive growth and would like to serve all the customers, even if it means reaching the remotest place of the country.

Q You are known as a ‘technically sound metallurgist’. How do your educational background and acquired knowledge of years affect your decision-making process and how do you balance technical specifications with business profits?
A It would be difficult to share any direct correlation. An educational institute in addition to theoretical inputs helps you teach the fundamentals of life. The way I have operated is to have a good 80/20 balance. In the initial years as you are new to an organization, 80 percent of the time you would tend to follow other’s advise and also learn in the process but I strongly suggest that during initial years, 20 percent of the time, one should spend on thinking and executing new things which will be first in country or world. Only a good proportion of both creates leaders for the future. As one moves up in the organization over the years, this proportion keeps shifting and it is expected that leaders spend more time thinking and motivating teams to try new products and processes and to remain relevant in this competitive world.

Piramal Realty invests Rs 3500 crore in housing projects


Piramal Realty is all set to invest Rs 3,500 crores in four housing projects as it aims to deliver a 6 mn sq ft area to customers.

The company is developing 13 mn sq feet in phases across four residential projects in Mulund, Thane, Mahalaxmi, and Byculla in the MMR. The company is developing around 12,000 apartments across these four projects.

In the next two years, it is scheduled to deliver another 60,00,000 (6 mn) square feet and will be making an investment of more than Rs 3,500 crores in construction. In this 6 mn sq ft area, about 4,500-5000 apartments will get delivered.

The company has established itself in the premium luxury side of the market, with a lot of emphasis on green initiatives, better use of space inside as well as outside the apartments and community living.

Founded in 2012, Piramal Realty is the real estate arm of the business conglomerate Piramal Group. It is one of the leading developers with 15 mn sq ft of residential and commercial under development in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR).



5 key projects to kick-start in Dwarka


Delhi’s Dwarka area is set for a major transformation with one of the largest public parks in Delhi, and a 50-hectare sports facility that will feature a 30,000-seater stadium.

Spread over 51 acres, it will be DDA’s the first sports project to be developed on a public-private partnership. It will also have commercial facilities, including retail, hotel, hospitality, and office space. The ₹360-crore project, which will be ready by 2025, will be developed by Omaxe Limited, said officials associated with the project.

By 2025, however, at least five major projects — the India International Convention and Expo Centre (IICC), the Dwarka Expressway, the Urban Extension Road-2, Bharat Vandana Park and a major sports facility — is expected to kick-start growth in the area and turn the hitherto insular area into one of the most important parts of the city.

The ₹25,703-crore IICC, being built in Dwarka’s Sector 25, houses office spaces, retail spaces and hotel rooms, apart from the exhibition halls and convention centre. The first phase of the project is expected to be completed by early next year.

A 2km Metro corridor was built between Sector 21 and Section 25 at a cost of ₹300 crore, and is currently going through trial runs.

Two major road projects — the 29.1km-long Dwarka Expressway and 75.7km-long Urban Extension Road-2 (UER-2) — conceived in 2006-07, are also expected to be completed and fully functional by August 2023.

Spread over 220 acres of verdant greenery in Dwarka, the Bharat Vandana Park is being developed as a major tourist destination. DDA officials said it will be a one-of-its-kind park with an eco-forest zone, lakes, cultural and adventure sports facilities and a ‘Mini India’ park, which will have replicas of important monuments from different states. Reportedly, the ₹530-crore project is expected to be ready by August 2023.

The opening of DMRC’s first corridor between Dwarka and Barakhamba Road on December 31, 2005, led to a revival of the sub-city, and prevented it from becoming another Narela — where housing stock has been unsold for decades, largely due to the lack of transport connectivity.

The Metro corridor connects Dwarka Sector-21 with Noida City Centre and Vaishali in Ghaziabad. The 56.1km-long corridor with 50 stations is the busiest of Delhi’s Metro 14 corridors.


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